health; personal health - the new york times

by:HKKYO     2019-08-16
1989 this is a digital version of an article from The Times Print Archive, before it starts online in 1996.
To keep these articles as they appear initially, the Times will not change, edit, or update them.
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Adults who buy holiday gifts for children are often overwhelmed by a large number of increasingly expensive toys that can be entertained and educated from cradle to university.
At the time, the typical child had several dolls and stuffed animals, a set of building blocks, a ball or two, some puzzles, a toy gun, and perhaps a rocking chair and a tricycle.
This small inventory is often supplemented by pot bowls pans pots in kitchen cabinets, old clothes and accessories from mom and dad, and almost any other household items that can be turned into toys.
But in the past 30 years, a variety of toys have gone through explosive growth, from sophisticated baby crib phones to luxury bicycles.
Busy parents, eager to keep their children busy and give them every chance to develop, often turn the whole room into a toy box.
Unfortunately, the strategy may backfire, child psychologists say.
Toys cannot replace parents and other adults.
Game mates, who can do more than all the toys in the world\'s largest toy store, make the kids happy and creative.
In fact, experts who study children\'s game patterns say that some children have been overwhelmed by their large numbers of toys, from toys to toys, and have never really played with them.
In addition, puzzle toys and other items purchased for young children tend to go beyond their reach and will only confuse and frustrate them.
Some toys are dangerous unless used under supervision or given to children before they are ready.
Even if there is a virtual toy store at home, many children like the simple old stalls best.
My year
The old niece has three huge toy buckets, several plastic cars, a building with occupants, and a swing, a rocking chair and a rocking horse.
A modest collection measured by modern standards.
However, when I wanted to keep her busy, I gave her a bunch of plastic and wooden bowls, mixed spoons, her dad\'s old hat and mom\'s old slippers.
Maybe for her holiday gift I should look for a bit in my cupboard --Use and danger-free articles.
Now pay more attention to the safety of toys.
Industry organizations toy manufacturers in the United States have established safety standards that almost every American toy manufacturer follows.
Check the statement \"meets ASTM 963\" on the packaging or toy itself, meaning it meets the standards set by the American Association for Testing and Materials. (Fisher-
While the prices of toys do meet the standards, they are not labeled. )
In addition, the Consumer Product Safety Board implements regulations to remove unsafe toys from the market and inspect imported toys randomly selected.
However, there is no pre-sale inspection of domestic toys.
Before the government takes action on dangerous toys, many children may be injured and some may die.
Therefore, it is still up to parents to be vigilant.
According to estimates from the toy industry, given that parents spend an average of $200 to $250 per child on holiday gifts, it makes sense to focus on the suitability of choice. Age-
In our highly competitive society, many parents give their children some toys to play with older children or to develop more advanced young people.
Their purpose may be to promote physical and mental growth, but the result is often frustration or injury.
Toys and games often have suggested age ranges, and some labels specifically remind babies and toddlers not to give them.
Don\'t buy a child unless you know it\'s advanced enough to play with a toy specially prepared for the older one.
If the child gets a toy that they are not ready for, the smart parent puts the toy in an invisible place until the recipient grows up.
Store a list of toys so that you don\'t forget what your child has and the toys have grown up before they are used.
These suggestions about age
US toy manufacturers offer appropriate gifts: babies under 18 months
Choose colorful, lightweight, washable toys that are too big to swallow without sharp corners or rough edges.
Good options for a sitting baby include stacked or nested rings and cups, as well as cloth picture books.
For people who crawl or walk, try pushing-
Pull a toy, a carriage, or a doll carriage.
Simple musical toys or items that you can unpack and assemble, or toys, building blocks, dolls and stuffed animals that may be amused without being pulled down and swallowed down.
Advertising young children, 18 months to 3 years-
Encourage active play with toys like riding a bike and climbing a bike
Plastic tricycle.
Other good options include sandbox and digging toys, toy furniture and utensils, simple outfits, and more sophisticated takeout
In addition to toys, large crayons, simple puzzles, games and musical instruments, as well as story records and tapes.
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Preschool children aged 3 to 6
Cultivate imagination and imitation games with puppets, shops and residences, vehicles and building toys.
You can consider using fitness equipment, small bicycles, sledges or roller skates when you are outdoors.
For indoors, try coloring and painting children or reading puzzles and books for children.
School children aged 6 to 9
This vast era is the era of bicycles and sleds, skates, tennis rackets, pogo sticks, board and video games, craft packs, action dolls, books that children can read, electric trains, buildings and hobby suits, game villages and puzzles from 350 to 500 pieces. Older children
View advanced models and process kits or chemical and other scientific kits.
Or parents can try to use 500 pieces or more of puzzles, table tennis, volleyball and badminton, skateboarding, snowboarding and football and basketball equipment.
Other options include art equipment, musical instruments, computer games and video games, records, tapes, or books. Weight-
Training equipment is not suitable for children who do not reach puberty.
Emphasizing the safe use of the SafetyA toy without any instructions and equipment, this is an accident waiting to happen.
Every year, 600,000 children are treated with toys in the hospital emergency room.
Most injuries can be prevented.
Whenever a toy is given away, whether it\'s a bat or a bike, crayons or a chemical set, parents should read the instructions and warnings and review the correct use of the toy with the child.
Play with the kids a few times before to make sure the toys are handled properly.
If necessary, tell the child that the toy will be confiscated if safety guidelines are not followed.
Pediatricians warn that children under the age of 3 should not be given any toys that can swallow or insert their noses or ears.
Choose unbreakable toys for young people without sharp edges or long ropes.
Six is the youngest age.
In electrical equipment and building equipment using real tools.
Experts recommend that parents buy equipment that is suitable for the size of a child, not items that he or she has to grow.
Too big bikes, skis, or skates are hard to control, and it is hard to cause accidents and injuries, rather than promoting skill development.
When giving a bicycle, you should include a helmet.
Every day, 1,000 children enter the emergency room for treatment after a bicycle accident;
As a result, at least one child died every day, 75% of whom were head injuries.
Advertising knee and hand elbow pads should include presents for skates, skateboards and skates.
Some experts say skateboarding
Users should also wear helmets.
Choose non-toxic crayons, paints and marker pens.
Processes and chemical devices and model kits with volatile chemicals or aerosol sprays can only be used in Wells
Ventilation area.
Don\'t throw toys for children like sling guns and BB guns that can easily hurt your eyes.
Should not be given to the child.
Terrain vehicles, fundamentally unstable, go too fast.
Also keep in mind that for older children, safe toys can be dangerous in the hands of younger siblings, should not be shared, and should not be even when smaller children are around
Emphasize that it is the responsibility of older children to put away toys and not let toddlers touch them.
A version of this article was printed on page B00015 of the National edition on November 23, 1989 with the title: health;
Personal health.
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