- Craft Punch
- Craft Kits
hobbyists are hell‐bent for leather
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According to Genesis, the first dress Adam and Eve wore was made of leather.
John the Baptist is mentioned in the Bible.
An old stone cave drawing depicting men\'s processed leather was found, and about 3,500 years ago, wealthy Egyptians considered leather a semi-precious material (
Leather sandals, bags and mats of this period were found in Egyptian tombs).
The Greeks and Romans recognized the leather value of armor and shields, and the Roman soldiers began to wear leather pants, a custom they had received from the teatons.
Today, leather is still the preferred material for top wallets, handbags, belts, gloves and shoes, but because leather is usually produced through mass production technology, so it looks like the unparalleled quality and inner beauty of leather products are disappearing.
However, in the 1950s S, some tenacious souls opened stores in places such as Greenwich Village, provenstown and nantarket, where they produced and sold original handmade leather products.
The revival of leather artisans soon spread to other towns across the country.
At the age of 60 s and 70 s, family lovers also began to find that working with leather can be very satisfactory.
They found that, in addition to beauty and practicality, leather offers creative opportunities limited by imagination only.
Leather can be simply dyed to allow the original beauty of the grain to be displayed, or relief, tooling, engraving, stamping or marking can be done with wood burning tools before dyeing.
It can also be knotted, woven or woven.
Due to the growing interest of amateurs, leather suppliers who once were only willing to sell for large quantities of commercial and industrial users soon began to sell at the retail level, by mail and telephone.
Advertising Daniel Harwood, president, leather manufacturer supply company, 25 Big Jones Street, New YorkY.
10012, explaining, \"We have 1.
Rawhide mallet3. Shears4. Edge Beveler5.
Square straight plate. Rotary Punch7.
Acupuncture and rhinoplasty 8. Skive Knife9.
Stamping tools have a history of 54 years in the leather industry, most of the time as wholesalers.
But enthusiasts have such a high demand for our services that we started selling them retail products in 1970.
Since then, we have had to constantly expand these services until we are now one of the largest leather suppliers in New York City.
\"The company stock all kinds of leather, from ordinary cowhide to imported varieties such as pig skin, sheepskin and suede lint.
It also sells almost every commercial dye, tool, and Discovery \"(
Buckle, Rivet, Buckle, buckle)
Amateur or professional leather workers are required.
Like most other leather suppliers, the company ships mail order orders anywhere.
Mass leather company, 147 South Street, Boston, another major wholesale supplier of leather.
02111. It has also been serving family enthusiasts in recent years.
Roger Berman, one of the directors, said, \"in order to meet the needs of enthusiasts visiting our store and our 4,000 stable Mail Order account, we now have a wide range of leather, including cowhide, goat, deer, sheepskin, antelope and Elk buttocks;
In addition, we have more than 350 styles of buckle, as well as tools, dyes and discoveries.
\"The company provides customers with a free catalogue and also stores many books.
Most major cities now have at least one independent supplier of leather products and supplies, which can be found in the \"yellow pages\" of the local phone book under \"leather\" or \"craft supplies.
In addition, a retail chain of Tandy LeatherO.
Box 2686, Fort Worth 76101, Texas, currently has more than 200 stores in major cities in most states and offers free mail order catalogues.
In addition to a full set of tools, accessories and supplies, Tandy sells prefabricated kits for making wallets, SoftBank and similar items.
Tandy also published the only magazine dedicated to the craft, made in leather, which has a plan for many unusual projects that can be made in leather, pictures such as flower pots and leather.
When making any item, in addition to the belt, First prepare the paper sample.
In his help book, \"made in Leather \"($5.
95, Drake Publisher
381 South Park AvenueY. C. 10016), M.
Vincent Hayes wrote.
\"An effective design can promote your project and prevent waste of leather.
On paper, you made a mistake, tried it, and made an economic adjustment.
Another excellent manual, leather, by Donald Wilcox and James Scott Manning ($14.
In 180, Henry reganery.
60601 Michigan Avenue, Chicago
The author suggests: \"Put your pattern on the leather before you buy it.
\"This tip is very valuable when sewing clothes.
Patterns of various items can be purchased from Tandy Leather, or in the case of clothing, fashion from any local sewing supplies or fabric store, McCalls, batric. (
It is better for beginners to stay away from more complex items such as jackets or coats. )
Patterns for simple items can also be found in craft books and magazines, or can be made by following the contours of existing articles on thick or light paper boards.
The tools required for leather processing are not expensive.
The basic list of starters will include: practical knives with replaceable blades ($1. 30 to $1. 75);
Rotary punch of tube of different size? ?
Starting at $2. 60 to $13.
The best of 50, by C. S. Osborne Co. );
Metal ruler (about $3);
A pair of scissors of good quality ($4. 95 to $6. 95);
Compassa partition with fixing screws for drawing the distance between holes (about $4);
A pair of needle tongs for lace-up or sewing ($4 to $5);
Safety skive knife for reducing the thickness of folds ($1. 25); a No.
3 edges beveler, complete the edge with a round effect (about $2);
And heavy rawhide mallets for driving personal punch and stamping designs ($5 to $6).
The metal ruler is available from the artist\'s supply store, and the tool knife is the standard item for each hardware store.
Other tools can be purchased from the leather supply store.
Although any table can be used as a working surface, at least an inch thick plywood, or a heavy piece of leather, should be placed below the workpiece when the workpiece is cut or punched, otherwise the tool will darken quickly and will definitely damage the workbench.
Leather, which can be made of skins of cattle, horses, sheep, goats, pigs, deer and various reptiles, for sale in skins, semi-skins or sides and fragments
The latter is usually the most expensive, as these pieces come from the most discerning parts hidden.
Leather also has different weight
Light is the best choice for clothing;
Medium weight for belts and handbags: heavyweight is more suitable for briefcases, etc.
Therefore, choosing which leather depends to a large extent on the project planned, but in general, it is better for beginners to choose some kind of cowhide.
This is the cheapest and easiest to work.
That is, tools, stamps, engraving or dyeing.
Mold and stamping are basically similar technologies.
Both of these tools use a tool similar to a screwdriver, except that the tool has a blunt end with some kind of relief design on the surface or tip, not a point.
The design to be processed is first traced back to the water-soaked leather surface, using a blunt tip instrument called a Modeler (
An old ballpoint pen with only ink works fine).
The impression tool is then placed on the damp leather and tapped with a mallet to form a dent that is repeated with the tool end design.
Stamping tools have a wide variety of designs or patterns, including pictures of birds, flowers, leaves or animals.
Others have abstract or geometric designs.
However, these specially designed stamping tools are not essential at the beginning.
Most homes have a large number of potential stamping tools that can produce interesting patterns
For just a few examples, caps, metal buttons, square or octagonal nuts and bolt heads, forks, metal washers and small engraved metal knobs.
Engraving is similar, except that it is usually reserved for thick leather, since the design must be cut into leather with a special tool called a rotary knife (about $4)
After tracking and before the stamping tool is used.
The advertising tape can get a professional look after the tool or edge stamping.
This is done by pushing along the front and rear edges a tool called the edge multiplier in order to get them around neatly.
Then apply black or brown dyes on these edges to highlight them.
Then, by washing with saddle soap first, then having the leather dry, the surface of the belt is ready to be dyed.
Most experts prefer dyes produced by Omega chemical or Fiebling.
Both brands are available in several popular colors and are widely available through leather supply dealers.
Newbies will find it easier to get good results with black or brown, but regardless of the color, it is important to remember that different skins will \"absorb\" the dye in different ways, so, it is important to first experiment on pieces of the same leather.
Dye is applied with round or linear strokes, usually with sheepskin or plain cotton.
The applicator should be applied to a piece of cloth or paper before touching the leather to remove the excess dye and help ensure even coloring.
Since dyes can stain hands, furniture and leather, it is recommended to put a stack of thick newspapers under the leather and wear a pair of rubber or plastic gloves for the hand.
After the dye is dried, the last step is finishing.
First, the stained edges are rubbed with beeswax and then manually polished with a 50 cent tool (called slicker.
Then protect the surface with finishes like Lexol, Carnuba cream or Tan Kote.
One of them is processed into a surface, allowing for drying, and then polished with a soft cloth to deepen and enrich the color and give a gloss to the surface.
These finishes also help to soften the leather and prevent damage.
For those who want to meet the color desires that are different, the design or picture can also be applied directly to the leather with acrylic paint.
According to Xenia Ley Parker, author of working with leather, there is no problem with wearing ($4.
The sons of Charles scrilinas, paperback 95)
Professional designer of leather accessories.
\"These paints have a great Elastic advantage when dry, so the painted part of the leather product is unlikely to crack or peel off,\" she said . \".
Leather production courses are currently being offered in some schools, local community centers and adult education programs.
The New School of Social Studies in Manhattan offers such a course, other courses offered by the New York University Department of Arts and Education and the union of arts and crafts students in Washington Square, located in YWCA.
No. 950 Lexington AvenueY. C.
The State University of New York, Oswego and Stony Brook, also offered courses in leather production (L. I. )
And California State University in Long Beach and Los Angeles.
In order to find courses in their own community, readers are advised to contact local schools, museums and libraries, as well as arts and crafts shops in the area.
While taking the course is one of the best ways to start learning, interested people can also learn enough professional leather goods from books and practices.
In addition to the books already mentioned above, there are a few other books here that should be helpful.
Modern leather design by Donald Wilcox ($12.
50, watson-guptill Publication, 1 Astor Square, New YorkY. 10036);
Art of working with leather by Steven Edwards ($5.
95, Chilton Books Co. , Ltd.
201 King of Prussia Road in radno, Pennsylvania19089); “Leathercraft —
Creative Technology and Design by Larry Hermard ($3.
95, Double Day & Co. );
Leather products you can wear by Laura Torbet and John Thamm ($3.
95, Ballantine Books, Inc.
201 East 50 Street, New York, NYY. 10022);
Making leather clothes by Kirsten Jorgensen ($7.
Month, Van Nostrand Reinhold)
: Brendan Smith\'s leather book of Brendan ($3.
95, foreign strauville PressO.
Box 612 catatti, California94928).
■ A version of this file was printed on page X39 of The New York edition on March 9, 1975 with the title: amateurs are keen on leather.